Dabbing is one of the most efficient means of consuming marijuana. The term ‘dabbing’ is used because you ‘dab’ a small amount of concentrate on the rig to create vapor. Concentrates are preferable to other substances because they are hard and less likely to run off the nail. Each rig should come with a dabbing implement so you can safely place the wax on the hot nail without injuring yourself.
Aside from e-nails which heat up automatically, a nail must be heated with a torch. Make sure you place your mouth on the mouthpiece when you’re applying the wax because it vaporizes almost instantly. It is best if your rig has a ‘dome’ because otherwise, you have to wait for the device to cool down before storing it away. Users enjoy dabbing because it offers a consistent experience and is less harsh than smoking a joint for example. Dabs are concentrated doses of marijuana made by extracting cannabinoids such as THC and CBD. Typically, manufacturers will use carbon dioxide or a solvent such as butane to extract the cannabinoids. The result is a sticky oil known as shatter, wax, budder, concentrate, or Butane Hash Oil (BHO). Perhaps the oldest method of creating dabs is cold water extraction using bubble bags.
It involves the use of ice water and produces a dark brown crumbly substance. It is made by extracting trichomes; these are structures that contain most of weed’s active ingredients. You will recognize trichomes because they look similar to tiny hairs and are packed on marijuana buds. You can make your own ‘ bubble hash ’ by freezing flower buds laden with trichomes. They are soaked in ice water, manually agitated and filtered through plastic filtration bags known as ‘bubble bags’. When you freeze the flowers, you separate the trichomes which are loaded with THC. You continue filtering the material using bags with increasingly smaller holes to retain the trichomes and remove the ice water. Eventually, excess plant material is also removed so you are left with a pure form of weed. Finally, you air dry the product to get rid of any excess water. Bubble hash is rare and expensive so most firms use butane extraction to make dabs. BHO involves extracting a marijuana plant’s terpenes and cannabinoids. Butane is a chemical solvent which washes over the material and dissolves the cannabis plant’s compounds. The final step involves removing the remaining solvent and leaving behind nothing but pure cannabis extract. Open Loop Extraction is the preferred DIY method which involves spraying the solvent through one end of a tube stuffed with marijuana. The solvent passes through a set of attached filters at the other end of the tube. It is a dangerous method because butane solvents are extremely flammable and most DIY dab creators fail to follow proper safety protocols. Also, there is no system of removing remaining contaminants from the BHO. As well as creating low-grade oil, the risk of an accident is high. Closed Loop Extraction is used by reputable firms because it is safe, reliable, and produces cleaner oil. It involves using two vessels; one on either side of the cannabis. The solvent is sealed and pressurized, and travels from Vessel #1 through the weed and into Vessel #2.
The butane gets evaporated from the marijuana solution which is finally vacuum-purged to remove the last solvent remnants. Dabbing is a relatively new concept which means dab rigs have only been available for a few years. Marijuana’s history on the other hand, goes back tens of thousands of years.
There is a suggestion that extracts have been used in Asian countries such as Nepal and India for over 2,000 years. In the modern era, there is evidence that concentrates have been used since at least the 1960s if not earlier. In the 1990s, a company called BudderKing created a small handheld butane device that heated up a small attached surface. Users placed the budder on the surface and inhaled.