how to clean out water pipes

Back Flush Clogged Pipes

Sometimes clogged pipes cause a reduced water flow at one fixture or entire section of a structure. When I am called to solve such a problem, I often back flush the pipes rather than taking them apart to clear the blockage.

First I confirm that the problem is caused by a clogged pipe in the system and not a faulty fixture. The first thing I want to do is remove any aerators that could be plugged, or see if only one side of a fixture has the problem. If I find low flow on only one side of a faucet, or more than one fixture is involved, I set up a back flush.

Here are a few views of my preferred tool for stopping the flow at a faucet spout. These toggle on or off aerators were handed out by our local power company years ago as a way to reduce hot water consumption. Of course most of them were never installed. I find them for two bits at garage sales and always have one on the truck for back flushing.

Back Flush Clogged Hot Water Pipes

Close the service valve at the water heater. Now the hot side of the system is under no pressure. Remove the aerator at the fixture with the low flow, Let’s call this fixture #1. Plug it, for this I use the toggle aerator pictured above. Alternately put a dime or a piece of paper towel in the aerator to stop the faucet from passing water then replace the aerator and open the hot side of the fixture.

Now go to the hot fixture in the house that has the largest, most difficult-to-plug water passage. This is fixture #2. Open it fully, on the hot side only. Also plug the drain of fixture #2 so you can inspect what debris you flush before it can go into the drain. This will be a laundry sink faucet, or an old-style tub valve. The idea is to give the debris you are back flushing a good place to exit the system.

Return to fixture #1 and open the cold side. Listen to the water to determine if there is flow. If the plugged aerator is holding and you can hear cold water flowing back though the hot side go and inspect what may be exiting the system at fixture #2.

You will want to see a good flow of water. If you don’t, go back to the problem faucet, #1, and open and close the hot side several times. You can also go to faucet #2 and open and close it’s hot side several times. After you have run a few gallons of water in this way, undo what you have done, that is turn off the cold water at the problem faucet #1. Remove the plugged aerator. Also turn off the hot water at the problem faucet #1 and turn the water heater valve back on.

You have left the hot side of faucet #2 on so that it is the direction the water will flow when you open the water heater valve. Go see if any debris has exited the system. Turn off faucet #2 and go check the flow at faucet #1.

If the flow is improved and you have flushed debris out of the system you can stop now. Or you can repeat the steps again to see if you can flush out more debris from your clogged pipes. Between flushes open the drain at fixture #2 and wipe it clean. Then plug it again so you can keep track of new progress.

Back Flushing Pipes- Cold Water Supply

Back flushing the cold side is done the same way but you will need an outside source of water. You’ll close the main water valve instead of the water heater valve. A neighbor’s hose valve will work, but be sure to use a new potable water hose. You’ll also need a hose-thread to aerator-thread adapter. Some valves (modern pressure-balanced tub and shower valves) cannot be back flushed as they are equipped with internal check valves.

Back flush a tub and shower valve by putting a threaded cap where the shower head is and setting the diverter. Note: this may lock the diverter in place. If it does, remove the threaded cap.

This trick doesn’t work for all clogged pipes, or for all types of fixtures, but it does work. I have used it many times especially to clear rust from faucets and lines. I am always looking for the least invasive way to make my repairs.

clogged pipes, Easy Steps To Back Flush Water Supply Pipe.

How To Clean Sediment From Water Lines

All water lines collect sediment, it’s normal. They also collect rust and minerals which don’t cause any problems, usually. But if something has disturbed the system and that sediment has become loose, you may see discolored water (yellow or brown) and you will want to clean that up.

So, how do you clean sediment from water lines?

The first step is to clean out the aerator on your faucet. Sediment can easily get caught in there and no point in cleaning out your water lines and then leaving the sediment in the aerator.

To clean out the faucet’s aerator simply follow these steps:

  1. Place a towel in the sink to cover the drain.
  2. Unscrew the tip of the faucet. If you can’t do it with your hands, wrap a small towel or washcloth around it and then unscrew it with a wrench.
  3. The aerator has 3 parts to it. Remove all three and remember how they go back in!
  4. Rinse these parts with water.
  5. Place everything back and screw the aerator back on.
  6. You will want to repeat this process with all your faucets.

The next step then is to begin the process of cleaning the sediment out from your water lines. The simplest way to clean out water lines is to flush the pipes. You can easily do this by.

  • Opening three or four faucets (cold water only) at full force. Let them run for 20 minutes and you should see clear water.
  • If you do not, wait 30 minutes or so and repeat the process.
  • To add extra “oomph” – in addition to the indoor faucets running, turn on the outdoor hose at full force for 20 minutes as well.

Don’t Forget The Water Heater

If you’re finding (or suspect) sediment in your water lines and you are cleaning them out, you will also want to flush out your water heater to clean out the sediment in there.

Sediment buildup in a water heater is very normal and that is why we recommend that you drain / flush your water heater periodically. That means emptying the tank and cleaning it out with fresh water. If you are a handyman of sorts you can do it yourself – otherwise we recommend you call in a plumber.

Check out this video below on How To Flush A Water Heater

If you have any problems or questions about your water lines, call Atlantis Plumbing today at 770-443-8229. We are available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.

Polybutylene pipes are still being replaced in many Atlanta homes. You may be wondering how long do polybutylene pipes last. They last an average of 10 to 15 years – much shorter than other types of water pipes.