"If you want to go into Macys or Neiman Marcus and use a fraudulently obtained credit card and you have all these tattoos, it's more difficult," said William Dunn, a Los Angeles police detective and author of the 2007 book "The Gangs of Los Angeles." Another impetus: laws passed in several states making it easier for police to target gangs. In Connecticut, officials can use racketeering laws once reserved for the mob to go after gangs. In Los Angeles, court injunctions allow police to enforce nighttime curfews and arrest people for hanging out in public and wearing gang colors.
When it comes to going to prison, gang members also don't want to be identified because they'll be placed in more restrictive conditions for security reasons, officials say. Wearing colors has long been a way for gang members to show solidarity, but the FBI says gang members are indeed shying away from displaying identifiers. Often the only time colors and other identifiers are now displayed is at gang functions and funerals, according to the FBI's 2013 National Gang report. While gangs are showing their colors less, they have given police another way to identify them — their use of Facebook, Twitter and other social media sites. "Today they declare themselves gang members on the Internet," O'Hare said. Still, he said, their detection-avoiding efforts on the street have made police officials' jobs a little harder. Hartford officers now have to get up close to identify gang members, he said. On a recent day, officers stopped a group of youths in commonplace T-shirts and shorts breaking a loitering law and made them all sit down. O'Hare, interested in gathering information on gangs, got several of them to pull up their sleeves and pull down their shirt collars, revealing telltale tattoos of the Los Solidos gang — theater masks with the words "laugh now cry later" and the letters TSO for The Solid Ones, the English translation of their group's name. Officers then let the youths go — but kept their names and suspected gang affiliations in the event of future encounters.
In addition to well-established gangs like the Bloods and Latin Kings, police are dealing with smaller, neighborhood-based street gangs that can be just as violent and often wear no colors or tattoos at all, law enforcement officials say. The neighborhood gangs usually are friends who grew up together and claim several blocks as their territory, O'Hare said. One such neighborhood gang in Hartford, Money Green/Bedroc, often wore the kind of athletic jerseys popular among kids nationwide, according to a state grand jury report issued in December. The reputed leader, Donald Raynor, was arrested last year. Raynor, 29, is now on trial in state court in Hartford on a murder charge and awaits trial in five other cases involving attempted murder charges. Police say he led the particularly violent gang, which sold drugs and had "hit squad" enforcers who were involved in shootings of rivals in 2007 and 2008. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed. Do Cigarettes Have an Impact on Passing a Drug Test? The relationship between smoking cigarettes and its effects on weed detoxification is quite perplexing. But what we find rather strange is that there aren’t a lot of studies around this issue despite it being a major concern for most people. All in all, there are 2 conflicting opinions when it comes to answering the question on the impact of smoking cigarettes on marijuana detoxification. On one side, most people fear that smoking cigarettes might make it hard to flush out marijuana metabolites ‘trapped in the body.’ On the other hand, others will tell you that since cigarette smoking is linked to weight loss, it has the potential to boost weed detoxification. To better understand the relationship between these 2, we’d need to understand several key aspects; How detoxification works How weed is stored in the body How the body deals with nicotine and its active metabolite cotinine after smoking cigarette The role of cigarette smoking in weight loss and how this could impact marijuana detoxification. You probably know what marijuana detoxification is: the process of washing suspicious cannabis metabolites from the body. While detoxification is commonly viewed as ‘something that an individual needs to do to get clean’, it actually refers to a natural process through which the body gets rid of toxins through the liver, kidneys, lungs, lymphatic system, skin, and hair. What reliable detox kits and diets do is boost this process so the toxins can get out much more quickly. According to LabCorb’s Drugs of Abuse Reference Guide, THC (tetrahydrocannabinol- the key active ingredient in marijuana) is detectable in urine for up to 2 days for first-time users, and up to 2 months for chronic users. This is the time frame within which your system will naturally cleanse itself of the drug metabolites. How long the body takes to get rid of THC metabolites depends on a few factors including frequency of use, the amount of weed consumed, and your rate of metabolism among other factors. Importantly, your body fat percentage also matters a great deal since THC is fat-soluble. When you consume marijuana, THC gets into the bloodstream where it is distributed all around the body. According to an extensive review published in the Iranian Journal of Psychiatry , after absorption in the blood, THC is rapidly distributed to many body tissues including brain, liver, lungs, spleen, and body fat. Debit to THC’s high solubility in lipids, your body fat acts as the main storage tissue for THC. The THC stored in fats is eventually released into the blood where it is transferred to the liver for excretion.
However, it’s important to note that if you have a higher fat percentage and consume more grass, THC metabolites tend to be stacked against each other in your fat cells. This means that the more fat you have and the more weed you take, the longer your liver will take to flush out THC and its metabolites completely. How The Body Deals With Nicotine And Its Metabolites. 10 seconds after taking a puff of cigarette smoke, nicotine (the key active ingredient in cigarette) is absorbed into the bloodstream through the mucosal lining along the nose and in the mouth and lungs. Once in the bloodstream, nicotine goes to the brain to deliver its fix before being metabolized into the metabolite cotinine. Cotinine is eventually excreted through urine, saliva, and hair.
But its active metabolite cotinine has a much higher half-life of 18-20 hours . The American Association for Clinical Chemistry says that it takes over 2 weeks for a smoker’s cotinine levels to drop to levels within which one would be considered a non-smoker (10 ng/ml). But experts are also quick to state that how long nicotine and its metabolites take to leave the body depends on a few factors including; The amount of nicotine smoked Frequency of smoking Length of smoking.