From Classic English Shapes, to the more Free Formed Danish Shapes. It can be a minefield when starting out, so many shape names, which are often subjective and often cause augments with makers and smokers alike. In this article we will focus on more traditional English shapes, as these are the most commonly smoked world wide. Many pipe makers and smokers disagree on the names of some pipes, these usually involve the Bulldog & Rhodesian shapes. For the purpose of this article i will use the same names that Dunhill and many UK makers use.
With a more rounded "Apple" like bowl, but shaped much like the Billiard, the stem is again the same as the bowl height and the mouthpeice is often tapered. Bent (Billiard) Bent pipes are classed by the severity of the bend; 1/4 Bent, 1/2 Bent etc. The bend in the stem/mouthpiece makes the pipe more comfortable to hang and smoke hands free. A slight drawback to this design is moisture (saliva) can run down the stem into the base of the bowl. The Peterson System and other innovations have tried and succeded to overcome this issue over the years (more Bent shape variations at the end of this page). A Bulldog shape is defined by the Square shank and tapered rim to the bowl. Bulldog pipes also come in bent and curved variations (not to be confused with the Rhodesian shapes). Very closely related to the Billiard, but with a tapered bowl (wider at the brim). The stem remains straight (curved Dublins are known as a Zulu). Another variation on the classic Billiard, making use of a shorter, often wider bowl.
The Pot shape allows for a shorter smoke, ideal if you dont have time for a full 30/45 minute smoke. Named after the former Prince of Wales (King Edward VII), this elegant shape features from a longer and more slender mouthpiece, with a short and squat bowl and a slight curve. Compared to the Bulldog Shape a Rhodesian features a round shank, and often a shorter tapered round rim. The Bent Rhodesian has a half bent stem/mouthpiece that makes for a balanced smoke when using hands free. Like its brother the Liverpool, a Canadian pipe has a longer oval stem with a short and tapered mouthpiece. These often 6" long pipes offer a cool smoke and are suited more to those who like to hold their pipe when smoking. You can leave these to hang from your mouth, but the length really amplifies the weight of the bowl. This long pipe differs from the above Canadian, by having a round stem. A Liverpool is often considered to be like a Billiard with a much longer stem. These pipes are not as popular as the Billiard, or even its cousin the Lovat. Liverpool (and Canadian) smokers are often tall and find other pipes look too small for them. The Lovat is another member of the Billiard family with the overall proportions being much the same, and is closely tied with the Liverpool shape. The Lovat has a slightly longer shank than the Billiard and uses a small Saddle mouthpiece. Another cousin of the classic Billiard shape, with a taller and often thinner bowl. With a narrow bowl, the smoke is cooler and very well suited for Gold Virginia flakes. The tobacco burns slower and its easy to build up a good ash, keeping the tobacco smoother/cooler. Like its bent counterpart, the Rhodesian differs from a Bulldog. The shank is round, compared to the square shank found on the Bulldog. The top the of the bowl differs as well, with a more rounded and smaller tapered rim. A shape that has always a cult following, the basic and almost engineered shape appeals to many. The Poker shape is two cylinders at 90 degree angles to each other, the larger for the bowl and the thinner for the shank. The shape is now made by many American Pipe makers, some are famous for them. Not to be confused with the wood, the Cherrywood is based on the Poker.
With an angled base and a curve in the stem a cherrywood is much better balanced and suited for hands free smoking. The Zulu is a little more than a curved Dublin, the bowl is angled a little more, while being set off beautifully by the curved mouthpiece. A well balanced pipe that can be smoked hands free or like a straight pipe.
Yet another variation on the billiard, this time with straight side to the bowl. The most common Panel Billiard has 4 straight sides, but hexagonal and other shapes exist but rarely in regualr production.