The heat removes the carboxyl group from the THCA, creating the psychoactive THC. Figure 1.https://www.marijuana.com/news/2016/09/cooking-with-keira-how-to-decarb-cannabis/ The reason to use decarbed weed is to activate THC and CBD to get their benefits. However, the raw marijuana plant also has benefits. The terpenes, THCA, and CBDA have anti-inflammatory properties which some users value over psychoactive effects. To use the weed fan leaves or flowers and buds raw, you will need to pick them from a fresh plant.
Any portion not used immediately will only last a few days in the fridge. So, it’s best to take your weed directly from the plant and toss it into your hippie smoothie or tea. Be careful with warm drinks as some decarboxylation can occur. Raw cannabis contains your THCA and CBDA, as well as terpenes and other phytonutrients. These are healthy and provide benefits without being carboxylated. They are also not psychoactive so they can be used in treating ailments in children. Raw cannabis contains over 100 kinds of non-psychoactive cannabinoid acids, THCA being the most abundant.
This is why actual marijuana is preferred as a treatment over synthetic THC in Marinol medication, which contains THC alone, without the other therapeutic ingredients in the marijuana plant. Decarboxylation activates not only the THCA turning it into THC, but also turns CBDA into CBD, and does the same with other cannabinoid acids. Decarboxylation Method Graph Method How Long to Decarb Weed Temperature Oven 40 minutes to 60 minutes 250 to 300 degrees Fahrenheit Microwave 1.5 to 3 minutes High Sous Vide Decarboxylation 1hr 30 mins to 1 hr 40 mins 200 to 240 degrees Ardent Nova Decarboxylator 120 minutes Automatic. The temperature at which you want to do your decarboxylating will depend on how much time you want to spend in the decarboxylase process. The decarboxylation cannabis temperature will also depend on the kind of flavor you want your weed to have. If you use lower temp for a longer time, you will preserve more terpenes, which gives your weed its smell and taste. This method is the most common approach used to start the reaction that removes the carboxyl group from your THCA to yield THC: Preheat your oven to 220 – 300 degrees Fahrenheit. Break your cannabis into smaller pieces with your hands. Use your hands, a grinder, or food processor to further grind the weed to a coarse grain but not a powder. Now your weed is bursting with available THC, ready to be used for your favorite recipes. Our non-cooking cannabis users have testified that decarboxylation can be done in a microwave. This is a non-preferred method as one cannot be sure the microwaves will not zap some of your cannabinoids or terpenes, but when you smell the result, it is clear that plenty of strong cannabinoids and terpenes remain. Just put in the microwave for 1.5 to 3 minutes on high and you’re done. An advantage of this method is there is far less chance you will burn any of your weed in the microwave. The Sous Vide method is the brainchild of Sir Benjamin Thompson, an American British physicist. One of his experiments involved even-cooking a mutton shoulder using this method. In short, the weed is vacuum sealed in plastic, then a water-circulating heating element is placed in a pot of water to heat the water evenly. Next, the vacuum sealed weed is placed inside and slow cooked to decarboxylate fully and evenly. Here’s what you’ll need: Vacuum sealing machine Weed grinder Sous vide precision cooker 10-quart pot Grind your weed up to a coarse grain but not a powder, be sure to collect any kief produced. Seal your weed in heat-safe plastic with your vacuum sealer. Place your sous vide precision cooker in your pot filled with water and set the temperature to 200 to 240 degrees Fahrenheit. Once the water reaches the correct temperature, add your sealed weed and cook for 1 hr 30 mins to 1 hr 40 mins. The advantage of this method is that the water circulates to produce an even temperature, all of the weed is cooked evenly and thoroughly providing a consistent amount of THC and CBD throughout. This process also protects your weed from burning on the outside. The Ardent Nova Decarboxylator is a technology made exclusively for decarboxylating weed. It has several advantages over other ways of decarboxylation, including: It’s very easy to use.
Just put your weed in there, push the button, and in 120 minutes, your weed is thoroughly decarboxylated.
It doesn’t produce the smell throughout the room of an obvious weed bake, drawing the attention of nosey neighbors and authorities. You get to make your own edibles, tinctures, and oils instead of buying expensive pre-made products. Using the Ardent Nova Decarboxylator is probably the easiest decarb method; however, it will take you 120 minutes to have your fully decarbed product. You can then use your weed in any type of edible, or you can put it in capsules and swallow it, though this will produce the lesser effect and could cause stomach upset. Better it is to extract it into cannabutter or a tincture.