While we are lucky to live in an age where there are so many options, the sheer size of the rig range is intimidating to newbies. We’ve already mentioned terms such as ‘nail’ and ‘dome’ (which we explain later) which might already cause you to think you’re out of your depth. In this comprehensive guide, we will help you familiarize yourself with dab rigs by outlining what they consist of and what they do. We’ll inform you of the variety of accessories and options available and conclude by offering our take on the 10 Best Dab Rigs on the market for 2020. A dab rig is sometimes known as a dab bong or an oil rig.
It is a glass device that looks similar to a bong and is used to inhale the vapors of substances such as oils, extracts or concentrates made from marijuana. Although you may read the term ‘smoke’ on occasion, it is crucial to note that you’re not really smoking the product; at least not in the manner associated with joints for example. Unlike traditional smoking mechanisms, a rig should not cause anything to catch fire. The nail’s surface ultimately becomes so hot (usually between 350 and 400 degrees Fahrenheit) that when a substance such as wax is placed on it, the substance produces a vapor which you inhale. Dabbing rigs are designed to keep the vapor inside so nothing is wasted. Dabbing is one of the most efficient means of consuming marijuana. The term ‘dabbing’ is used because you ‘dab’ a small amount of concentrate on the rig to create vapor.
Concentrates are preferable to other substances because they are hard and less likely to run off the nail. Each rig should come with a dabbing implement so you can safely place the wax on the hot nail without injuring yourself. Aside from e-nails which heat up automatically, a nail must be heated with a torch. Make sure you place your mouth on the mouthpiece when you’re applying the wax because it vaporizes almost instantly. It is best if your rig has a ‘dome’ because otherwise, you have to wait for the device to cool down before storing it away. Users enjoy dabbing because it offers a consistent experience and is less harsh than smoking a joint for example. Dabs are concentrated doses of marijuana made by extracting cannabinoids such as THC and CBD. Typically, manufacturers will use carbon dioxide or a solvent such as butane to extract the cannabinoids. The result is a sticky oil known as shatter, wax, budder, concentrate, or Butane Hash Oil (BHO). Perhaps the oldest method of creating dabs is cold water extraction using bubble bags. It involves the use of ice water and produces a dark brown crumbly substance. It is made by extracting trichomes; these are structures that contain most of weed’s active ingredients. You will recognize trichomes because they look similar to tiny hairs and are packed on marijuana buds. You can make your own ‘ bubble hash ’ by freezing flower buds laden with trichomes. They are soaked in ice water, manually agitated and filtered through plastic filtration bags known as ‘bubble bags’. When you freeze the flowers, you separate the trichomes which are loaded with THC. You continue filtering the material using bags with increasingly smaller holes to retain the trichomes and remove the ice water. Eventually, excess plant material is also removed so you are left with a pure form of weed. Finally, you air dry the product to get rid of any excess water. Bubble hash is rare and expensive so most firms use butane extraction to make dabs. BHO involves extracting a marijuana plant’s terpenes and cannabinoids. Butane is a chemical solvent which washes over the material and dissolves the cannabis plant’s compounds. The final step involves removing the remaining solvent and leaving behind nothing but pure cannabis extract. Open Loop Extraction is the preferred DIY method which involves spraying the solvent through one end of a tube stuffed with marijuana. The solvent passes through a set of attached filters at the other end of the tube.
It is a dangerous method because butane solvents are extremely flammable and most DIY dab creators fail to follow proper safety protocols. Also, there is no system of removing remaining contaminants from the BHO. As well as creating low-grade oil, the risk of an accident is high. Closed Loop Extraction is used by reputable firms because it is safe, reliable, and produces cleaner oil. It involves using two vessels; one on either side of the cannabis. The solvent is sealed and pressurized, and travels from Vessel #1 through the weed and into Vessel #2. The butane gets evaporated from the marijuana solution which is finally vacuum-purged to remove the last solvent remnants. Dabbing is a relatively new concept which means dab rigs have only been available for a few years. Marijuana’s history on the other hand, goes back tens of thousands of years.
There is a suggestion that extracts have been used in Asian countries such as Nepal and India for over 2,000 years. In the modern era, there is evidence that concentrates have been used since at least the 1960s if not earlier.