The following seven terms describe the most common concentrate textures found in the market. Shatter is known for its brittle, glass-like texture. (Imagine taffy candy being pulled really tight before snapping). Shatters usually have a golden yellow to bright amber color throughout.
Budder and Badder are oilier and softer in texture. (Think of a stick of butter or cake batter.) They’re malleable, easy to handle and have a sun yellow to bright orange coloring. The butter-like consistency allows the extract to be easily used as a spread on blunts or joints, or to be dabbed using a dab rig. As the name suggests, it has a crumbly-like honeycomb consistency. The color tends to be similar to budder or badder, but instead of having a glossy texture, they tend to have a matted shade of yellow. Top: Shatter, Badder Bottom: Budder, Crumble (Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps) Sugar, Sauce, and Crystalline. Sugar is a term used for any concentrate that has a similar consistency to wet, sappy sugar. They’re not uniform in nature and typically have colors ranging from a bright yellow to a deep amber. Sauce is thicker, more viscous in texture and looks stickier.
The color of sauce can range from deep amber to bright mustard. Sauce is similar to sugar in both its consistency and color, but has a more uniform and prominent crystalline structure. Just as the name implies, THCa and CBD crystalline are white crystals that can vary in density and size from small rocks to powder. Top: Sugar, Crystalline Bottom: Sauce (Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps) Smoking Methods. A cannabis concentrate can be consumed in a variety of ways, from sprinkling it on a bowl or adding it to a joint for added potency, to vaporizing them using a dab rig or portable vape pen. The ideal method for consumption depends on the type and texture of the selected concentrate as well as the personal habits of the person consuming. When deciding which method will work best, first consider the tools you have at your disposal and the texture of the concentrate. Perhaps you’ve seen extracts like shatter and badder and wondered how best to smoke them? These extracts are malleable and easy to use in a dab rig, while powdery concentrates, such as kief and crumble, can be easily enjoyed by adding them to a more stable foundation like flower. Here are some of the most common methods for smoking or vaporizing concentrates. Adding powdered kief to your bowl, or wrapping wax around a joint, are the most cost-effective methods to using cannabis concentrates. These methods don’t require any of the expensive tools necessary to dab oil, while still increasing the potency of your smoke and adding extra flavor from the concentrate. Adding powdered kief to your bowl, or wrapping wax around a joint, are the most cost-effective methods to using cannabis concentrates. The most popular way to consume cannabis concentrates is by vaporizing the concentrate using a “dab rig.” This method consists of heating a “nail” (made from either glass, ceramic, or titanium) and then applying the concentrate directly onto the hot surface, instantly turning it into a vapor for consumption. The most popular way to consume cannabis concentrates is by vaporizing the concentrate using a “dab rig.” (Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps) Vaporizers. Vaping is the most discreet and portable option for consuming cannabis concentrates. The most common form of vaping is a pre-filled cartridge that attaches to a battery. The cartridge contains a heating element that comes in contact with the battery and heats the concentrate when activated. This battery-and-cartridge combination is collectively referred to as a vape pen. Standard vape pens are operated by pressing a button or, in the case of a buttonless pen, simply taking a drag from the mouthpiece of the cartridge. These pre-filled cartridges aren’t refillable and are to be discarded after the concentrate runs out, but the battery can be saved and reused many times. Vaping is the most discreet and portable option for consuming cannabis concentrates. (Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps) Handheld Vaporizer. If you want to know how to use cannabis oil in a more discreet and portable way, look into using a handheld vaporizer.
With a vaporizer, you manually fill a chamber with any type of concentrate and attach the chamber to a battery. The chamber typically contains a heating coil that turns the concentrate into a vapor when the user presses a button. Unlike a dab rig, this method does not require any additional equipment, but still gives you the ability to pre-fill the chamber with any type of concentrate and use it on demand. With a vaporizer, you manually fill a chamber with any type of concentrate and attach the chamber to a battery. (Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps) What Are the Main Extraction Types? If you want to learn how to make THC oil or other forms of cannabis concentrate, there are two ways of doing so: physically separating the trichome from the plant or using liquid solvents. During the physical separation process, trichome glands are removed from the cannabis starting material using a physical action, like shaking or pressing. Think of the trichome glands as fruit on a citrus tree: physical separation is similar to the shaking of a citrus tree to remove the fruit. When creating dry sift, for example, cannabis is shaken through a series of screens in specific sizes to ensure only the trichome heads make it through to the final product. Rosin is created using a targeted combination of heat and pressure to squeeze the desired compounds out of the plant.
The key concept of physical separation is that a direct physical action results in the expression of trichomes. All solvent extractions use the same basic workflow: a liquid solvent is used to separate the active compounds from the trichome gland to yield a solution.